Meet the Manatees
As a second stage rehabilitation facility, The Bishop provides a temporary home for manatees that will be released back into the wild after when they have returned to health. Counting the animals currently in our care, The Bishop has helped more than 40 rehabilitating manatees since 1998.
Manatees are cared for in the Parker Manatee Rehabilitation Habitat, which includes both deep and shallow areas allowing the manatees to maintain natural feeding behaviors.
In Our Care Now:
Felicia and Doscal arrived at The Bishop’s Parker Manatee Rehabilitation Habitat on Sept. 25, 2019, to gain weight and receive pre-release conditioning before their return to the wild. The manatees are expected to remain at The Bishop until winter 2021. Viva arrived Dec. 10, 2019, and is the 42nd manatee that we have cared for since 1998.
- Felicia is a female manatee about 7 feet long and 397 pounds upon arrival at The Bishop. She was rescued from Ruskin Inlet April 22, 2019, with her mother after her mother suffered a watercraft injury. Felicia’s mother did not survive.
- Doscal is a male manatee that is also about 7 feet long and weighed 347 pounds upon arrival. He was an orphan who was found emaciated when he was rescued from the Orange River in Lee County on April 3, 2019.
- Viva is a female manatee about 6.5 feet long, weighing about 332 pounds. She was rescued on Nov. 11, 2019, from Pine Island Sound near Captiva Island in Lee County suffering from the effects of red tide.
Some Common Reasons We Help Manatees:
Red Tide Exposure
A red tide, or harmful algal bloom, is a higher-than-normal concentration of a microscopic alga (plant-like organism). In Florida and the Gulf of Mexico, the species that causes red tide is Karenia brevis, or K. brevis, which produces toxins that can affect the central nervous system of fish and other marine animals, including manatees.
Florida manatees are herbivores, feeding on aquatic vegetation like seagrasses. Small crustaceans and barnacles grow on the blades of seagrasses and feed by filtering out particles from the surrounding waters. During blooms, red tide toxins accumulate in these crustaceans and, as manatees feed on seagrasses, they inadvertently ingest these crustaceans and the toxins they hold. If they ingest enough of these toxins, they can become very ill or even die.
Manatees are also exposed the red tide toxins when they surface to breathe and can develop respiratory infections that can also be fatal.
Cold stress can occur when manatees spend prolonged periods of time in water colder than 68 degrees and begin having frostbite-like symptoms. They can also be susceptible to pneumonia.
Manatees typically spend the first one or two years of their lives with their mothers, learning the ropes of how to find food and warm-water spots where they can safely pass the winter. If their mothers die, they need extra care until they’re big enough to navigate their environment. These orphaned animals are typically released during the winter months into groups of manatees congregated in warm-water spots in the hopes that they will find “mentors” that will help them learn the routes to and from warm-water spots.